Combining Expertise and Technology to Drive Change: Optimize Your Fleet's Performance

Copdrive team have performed a comparative analysis between electic vehicles and thermal vehicles. A mixed fleet with eleven vehicles have been involved in this study. Four of them are electric vehicles (Kangoo Electric Z.E.) and seven are thermal vehicles (Kangoo Diesel).

TCO : Total Cost of Ownership

The total cost of ownership depends on the vehicle type (Electric (EV)/ Thermal (TV)). For both of them, it consists in two parts : a fixed part and a variable one.
For electric vehicle, the fixed part merges the acquisition cost of the vehicule (~42% of the TCO), the battery rent cost (~16%) and the charging infrastructure which represent about 10% of the TCO. On the other hand, the variable part of electric vehicle groups the loss ratio (~11%), insurance (~5%) maintenance (~9%) and energy for about 6% of the TCO.
On the other hand, the TCO of thermal vehicle is organized differently. About 29% of the TCO is allocated for the vehicle acquisition cost. Whereas, the variable part is too large and mainly heighly weighted by energy cost for arround 34% of the TCO.

TCO evolution according to the traveled distance

The consumption curve of electric and thermal vehicle are highly correlated to the traveled distance. In the figure below, the TCO of thermal vehicles (represented in dark blue) and the TCO of electric vehicles (represented in light blue) cross at a balance point (~12 800Km, ~6 400€). At this point, electric vehicles and thermal vehicles have the same income.
Otherwise, the balance point means that, if you consider two vehicles (one electric and another thermal) with the same characteristics which would travel for 12 800Km per year, they would have the same income.
During this analysis the price of the Gasoline has been considered fix and equal to 1.4€/Litre.

A pairwise comparison of total cost of ownership

In the real life, the price of gasoline is not fixed at all and depends on the stock market and geopolitics between nations.
When the price of Gasoline increases the balance point would move back and make the electric vehicle profitable at less than 12800Km/year.
On the other hand, when the price of gasoline decreases, the balance point would move forward and make the the electric vehicle better than thermal vehicle at a traveled distance greater than 12800Km/year.
To increase the income of electric vehicle, EcoPlan fleet optimization platform uses highly efficient algorithms with Artificial Inteligence and Learning machine to make the electric vehicle rides for more than 50000Km per year.
EcoPlan provides a highly priority to electric vehicle assignment which aims to increase to use of EV and reduce the distance traveled by Thermel Vehicle (TV).
EcoPlan of Copdrive increases the annual distance traveled by Electric vehicle and decreases the distance traveled by thermal vehicles. This process would make a circular optimization.

Relevance of Electric Vehicle

The opposite figure shows the total vehicle traveled distance per year.
For instance, if a vehicle rides for a 30Km per day. It would travel for 10 950Km per year. The today's autonomy of an electric vehicle ranges between 50Km and 80Km. If an electric vehicle starts a route with 80% of battery and come back with a battery at 10% without charging during his travel, it would not exceed his travel autonomy which ranges between 50Km and 80Km.

The role and importance of EV in an emerging market

That's why the perfect area adapted to electric vehicle, represented in dark blue in the figure above, is perfectly adapted to an electric vehicle.
However, with the optimization process suggested by EcoPlan, it's possible to make the electric vehicle exceeds his autonomy to rich out 120Km per day. Regarding vehicle autonomy and the charging infrastructure, it would also possible to make the EV ride for more than 120Km per day.

Data and Event interaction workflow

The fleet managers have access to EcoPlan platform. They upload vehicles' data, clients, stockholders, charging stations and infrastructure data. Then, the fleet manager runs the optimization process.
EcoPlan communicates with Copdrive infrastructure using API to call the smart routing algorithms. Then, the fleet manager would be notified when an optimized solution is found.

Using the EcoPlan dashboard, would help the fleet managers to :
» Automate the management of expenses
» Communicate in a real time with team members
» Manage the energy vehicle
» Communicate delivery/intervention status updates to clients
» Select and affect a route to drivers for each mission

The saved TCO by optimization

In the opposite figure we show four analysis. The first one represents the TCO of not optimized fleet. In the second analysis, we optimize only charging process using the smart charging algorithm providing a saving of 3% of the TCO. In the third analysis we optimize only the vehicle assignment which help the save about 8% of the TCO.
The last analysis, groups many optimization algorithms such as the EV prioritization, reducing the total traveled distance, smart charging and smart vehicle affectation. These optimization algorithms save in average 35% of the total TCO.
In some cases the optimization could reaches 40% of the TCO.

Greenhouse gas emission

In the opposite figure, three analysis are studied. The first one represents the total CO2 of not optimized fleet. In the second analysis, we have introduced some electric vehicles in the thermal fleet. That vehicle have ride about 30% of the all fleet distance.
In the third analysis we have optimized the routes of that mixed fleet. The emitted greenhouse gas has been reduced by 25%.
The deployment of such electric vehicles have reduced the emitted CO2 by 32%.
So, with only 30% of total distance performed by electric vehicles, the greenhouse gas has been reduced, after optimization, by 57%.

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